Canada’s two largest churches, which represent two-thirds of Canadian Christians, have jointly declared that climate change and ecological degradation are central, enduring concerns for Christians.
The declaration is contained in The Hope Within Us, a document released July 23 from the official Roman Catholic-United Church of Canada dialogue.
“We claim that the divine presence permeates all creation, holds all together in a dynamic relationship and calls us beyond our human-centred perspective into a consciousness that affirms and respects all life and all creation,” it says. “The acceleration of our technology, the rapacious ethic of progress and the greed of our economic and political systems are today wreaking havoc upon the environment and humanity.”
The ecumenical document marks 40 years of dialogue between the churches. The 22-page statement draws heavily on Pope Francis’ 2015 encyclical Laudato Si’. On the United Church side, it leans on the 2006 teaching document Song of Faith. But the statement also relies on the desert fathers, medieval mystics and Scripture to make its case.
“Early Church theologians saw the interrelationship of the Trinity through the dynamic life of creation itself,” wrote the 21 dialogue participants, including two Catholic bishops. “In St. Bonaventure’s trinitarian theology, every creature is a self-expression of God, and the inner structure of every creature and all creation can be said to reflect the trinitarian footprint.”
“It’s a time to be finding common voices for the common good of our common home.”
“It is good theology,” said Dennis Patrick O’Hara, the director of the Elliott Allen Institute for Theology and Ecology and a St. Michael’s College theologian. “(It) accurately and faithfully reflects the current discussion at the forefront of the Roman Catholic and United Church traditions.”
That churches are working together, ecumenically, on climate change is particularly significant.
“Let’s be serious. If you’re dealing with a planetary crisis, as we are, this is not a time for quibbling about barriers between us. It’s a time to be finding common voices for the common good of our common home,” O’Hara said.
The most significant common ground at play is how both Catholic social teaching and the United Church’s social gospel tradition recognize the importance of social sin, said Father Prakash Lohale, ecumenical and interfaith affairs director for the Archdiocese of Toronto.
“It’s not so much something to feel guilty about, but because we can make that conclusion that creation also is holy — Pope Francis talks about it as a sacrament — then I think the concept of social sin could make people conscious,” Lohale said. “I know it’s difficult. It’s not part of our spirituality. But…” .
Ecumenical dialogue provides an opportunity for religion to engage with the most important questions of our time, he said.
“We have long traditions of schisms and differences in theology. But it’s like Pope Francis said during his visit to the World Council of Churches in Geneva, ‘Let not our differences stop us.’ ”
The ecumenical statement should make it easier for Christians of all stripes to think about ecological issues as matters of faith, said Gail Allen, United Church staff support for the official dialogue.
“There are people of faith who are struggling to think through these issues and just want to do it out of their faith,” Allen said.
To help parishes and congregations act on the new document, it includes a liturgy for use during Earth Hour, which comes up at 8:30 p.m. next March 30.
Allen recognizes that Canadians have conflicting views and conflicting commitments when it comes to climate change. But Christians who make a living in the Alberta oilsands shouldn’t feel they are under attack, she said.
“Any move towards a different way of being does need to take into account how we are going to all work together as communities to find new possibilities for people’s livelihoods that will be less harmful to the climate,” she said.
When it comes to the practicalities of parish life, Catholic sensibility seems to have shifted. All new churches the Archdiocese of Toronto builds are being engineered to the highest energy conservation standards, and dozens of older church buildings are being retrofitted, said the director of planning, property and housing, David Finnegan.